BUFFALO MILK :
The milk of these animals has almost twice
the quality of cattle milk:
Buffaloes = average
7% de butterfat ; 18% solids
Cattle = average 3,8% butterfat ;11% solids
milk can produce almost twice the amount of milk as an equal volume of cattle
Ex: For 1 Kg of butter
from cattle milk, it is necessary to have 26 liters ; For buffalo milk, only 14liters.
Ex. For 1 Kg de frescal cheese, it is necessary 6,5 liters of cattle milk, For buffalo
milk, only 4,5liters is necessary.
In the human nutrition, buffalo
milk has a extraordinary nutritive value. In Asia it has been considered an aphrodisiac
and some have associated it with their high population growth rate.
WATER BUFFALO MEAT :
According studies produced by the
U.S.Department of Agriculture, and presented by Mr. Tony Leonards ( an U.S.breeder/raiser
of water buffalo), during a panel discussion at "Buffaloes in the Americas".
This study shows the superior quality of water buffalo meat as compared to cattle.
The analysis shows: Buffaloes meat: 40% less cholesterol, 12 times less flat, 55% less
calories, 11% more proteins and 10% more minerals. The index of fat inside the muscle
fibers of buffaloes meat is significantly less than cattle meat, thus producing leaner and
more healthy meat.
In Brazil, because these facts are unknown, the meat does not produce an good or even
adequate price, but in Japan and USA, where this fact is known, the meat has better
CONVERSION OF MEAT AND
The most important and desirable
quality of the water buffalo is its extraordinary capacity of CONVERSION. This mean that
it can produce meat and milk of excellent quality, using only pasture and mineral salts,
without the addition of supplement concentrates.
NO TO THE DISEASES:
The buffalo is a high adaptable and
healthily animal that can resist infectious and contagious diseases. However, they must
receive the same vaccines, hygienic care and careful , dedicated attention as do cattle.
The females, because they produce nutritive milk, transfer to their calves more resistance
to dangerous diseases.
The mortality in this herd is almost zero and, is usually the result of trauma or
GENTLENESS CHAMPION :
In contrast to their appearance and
to the belief of some people that the water buffalo is very dangerous, this species is
considered as among the most docile of the animals that serves man. (Source: FAO - Food
& Agriculture Organization - U.N. Department that studies food and livestock
production). In some cases it has been confused with the African Buffalo (syncerus
caffer) a distant relative that sometimes known for an aggressive attitude.
It is also sometimes confused with the American buffalo or Bison (bison bison),
another distant relative that is actually not a true buffalo.
Another peculiar characteristic of the female buffalo is that many of them will accept to
suckle a calf of another dam. It is sometimes observed that three calves simultaneously
suckling on buffalo cow (Source: "Bufalando" serious - Jonas Camargo Assunção)
The buffalo cow is also much less contrary than the cattle cow...., They seldom kick, and
many milkers work in the back of the female buffalo, without have to fear being kicked.
When preparing a field to be
planted, a water buffalo works 40 hours to plough 1 ha. and 25 hours to plant. In paddy
field, the animal needs 16 hours of work, input that if done manually, would require at
least 120 hours per ha. When pulling a wagon, the buffalo supports cargo between 1,200 and
1,500 kg, producing an average of 3 km/h (Source: Embrapa - Cpatu - Belém - PA - Brazil)