Cow Coca-Cola - 830 kg.
Buffalo calf 150 days -
The water buffalo (bubalus bubalus) was introduced into
Brazil at the end of the last century. They came primarily from Asia and went to Marajó's
Island, in Pará. Presently, the biggest part of the national herd, estimated at 3.0
million (1995), is in the Amazon region.
With a high fertility rate (13% increase a year),
we hope that by the 21st century, the water buffalo will be an important livestock animal
in the agricultural economy of the country.
Because of their gentle dispositions, adaptability to different ambient and
local conditions, physical toughness and long useful life (15 years) they are an excellent
Good fertility, allied to a birth rate of more than 80% and mortality less
than 3% in a year, and high returns of milk, meat and work production, mean an excellent
As a work animal, the water buffalo also produces a greater return than
cattle. Its body structure, especially the distribution of body weight over the feet and
legs, is an important advantage. Its large boxy hooves allow it excellent traction on
muddy wet ground. The water buffalo also has very flexible pastern and fetlock joints in
the lower leg so that it can bend back its hooves and step over obstacles more easily than
In Brazil, most water buffalo are the
Mediterranean type. Murrah, Jafarabadi and Philippine Carabao are represented as well as a
local type known as Baio. There are 19 breeds and many local and regional types, scattered
throughout more than 40 countries of the world.
PRODUCTION OF MEAT
Depending on pasture conditions, the
water buffalo can attain as much as 500 kg live weight at 2 years of age. Young intact
males or steers are grown for its purpose. This animals produce a greater profit
productivity and a greater value from the herd.
An average milk yield of 2,500
kg was produced by buffalo cows, belonged to the herd of CPATU/Embrapa, in a pasture bases
feed system. (Source: Criação de Búfalos - Cristo
Nascimento e Luiz Otávio Moura Carvalho
- page 214)
This buffalo milk represents a commercial value of
milk products 40% greater than cattle milk. Buffalo milk contains less water, more protein
and slightly more lactose than cattle milk. It is thicker than cattle milk because it
generally contains about 25% more total solids. Mineral content is similar except for
phosphorus which is about twice. Fat content is usually 50-60% higher than that of cattle
milk. fourteen (14) liters of buffalo milk can produce 1 kg of butter. To have the same
production with cattle milk, 20 liters are necessary.
Recently the Brazilian tecnicals (ABCZ) that visited
India was moved by the milk productivity of the water buffalo cow of breed Murrah
and Jafarabadi. Too much work was done there with the water buffalo, because its not a
Research in nutrition, management, genetic
improvement, animal health, husbandry and equipment, has produced major improvements in
meat production, milk, milk products and work.
The water buffalo meat is unique because it
constitute one rich source of protein and it presents less fat and less cholesterol also.
If breeder in especial conditions without hormone and anabolic steroid, and
slaughter young (calf until 18 months age), the "baby buffalo" is also
different from the common water buffalo. The meat is smooth, delicious and 100% healthy.
The Santa Izabel's Farm participate in the project
"Baby Buffalo" as a member of the APCB - Pará's State Water Buffaloes Breeders
Association. It's a partnership between a Local Supermarket (Nazaré Supermarket) and the
APCB with the goal of diffusion the water buffalo's meat qualities to the population of
The partnership have in view, work
with precocious animals, slaughter with 400 kg of weight with a maximum 18
months aged. Therefore a product with superior quality. In return, the supermarket is
making the market of the properties of the water buffalo's meat and showing the
people to its advantage of low level of cholesterol and fat.
We believe it's a victorious
project and it will bring many benefits to the breed of water buffalo in the Pará's
Comparative Table of Composition
of various specimen of animals
Rem: In 100g of meat
ORIGIN: USDA Agriculture Handbook 08 - Composition of Foods
IBGE (ENDEF), 1981. Table of Composition of Foods
UFPa / DEQ - Pará's State Federal University
APCB - Pará's State
Water Buffaloes Breeders Association
Buffalo - The unique with the source stamped on it